Er:YAP

产品分类:YAP, 激光晶体

Er:YAP具有3μm的大发射截面,是Er:YAG的三倍大。 高掺杂的Er:YAP可以发射2.73µm 波长的激光,低掺杂的Er:YAP晶体可以发射1.66µm 的激光。Er:YAP晶体的发射光谱和激发光谱显示出在人眼安全区域内有较宽的发射带,其峰值在1545nm和1608nm附近,并且泵浦带适用于常见的800nm和970nm二极管激光器,这表明YAP是一种 1.5μm人眼安全范围内的二极管泵浦激光器的候选晶体。与YAG相比,钇钙钛矿铝(YAP)由于具有较高的导热率(~13.3 W m-1 K-1),良好的机械性能和较低的光子能量,有望成为有效激光发射的基质材料。 而且,Er:YAP是最有前途的激光材料之一,可以提供高功率的中红外相干光束。

特点

  • 更高的热导率
  • 较低的光子能量
  • 良好的机械性能
  • 丰富的能级结构
  • 高掺杂浓度

Er:YAP

参数

物理和化学特性

化学公式Er:YAlO3
晶体结构斜方晶体-Pbnm
分子质量163.884
外形半透明结晶固体
方向b轴-Pbnm
熔点1870 °C
密度5.35 g/cm3
比热容0.557 J/g·K
导热系数11.7 W/m·K (a-axis), 10.0 W/m·K (b-axis), 13.3 W/m·K (c-axis)
热膨胀系数2.32 x 10-6  K-1 (a-axis), 8.08 x 10-6  K-1 (b-axis), 8.7 x 10-6  K-1  (c-axis)
精确质量163.872 g/mol
单同位素质量163.872 g/mol

光学和光谱性质

激光跃迁4S3/24I9/24I11/24I13/2
激光波长1.66 µm2.73 µm
泵浦带0.6-0.8 µm1.53 µm
发射截面3 μm
折射率1.94-1.97 (@ 632.8 nm)

吸收和发射光谱

Er-YAP-激光晶体-南京光宝光电科技有限公司Er-YAP-激光晶体-南京光宝光电科技有限公司1

参考文献

[1] H Jelínková, M Němec, J Šulc, et al. 1.6 μm Er:YAP and Er:YAG lasers resonantly pumped by Er:glass laser[J]. Laser Physics, 2009, 19(8):1828-1831.
[2]  Cong Q , D Sun,  Luo J , et al. 27 μm dual-wavelength laser performance of LD end-pumped Er:YAP crystal[J]. Optics Express, 2018, 26(22):28421.
[3] Hiroki, Kawase, Ryo, et al. 2.92-µm high-efficiency continuous-wave laser operation of diode-pumped Er:YAP crystal at room temperature.[J]. Optics Express, 2019.
[4] Yongjun, Dong, Jun, et al. Color centers in gamma-irradiated YAP crystals grown by the Czochralski method[J]. Physica Status Solidi, 2007.
[5] [ Miroslav Jelinek, A Klini, C Grivas,等. Deposition of Er:YAG (YAP) layers by subpicosecond and nanosecond KrF excimer laser ablation[J]. Applied Surface Science, 2002.
[6]  Dong Q ,  Zhao G ,  Cao D , et al. Growth and anisotropic spectral properties of Er:YAlO3 crystal[J]. Journal of Alloys & Compounds, 2010, 493(1-2):661-665.
[7] M Jelínek. Growth of optical waveguides by pulsed laser deposition[J]. Laser Physics, 2009, 19(2):265-273.
[8]  Cong Q , D Sun,  Luo J , et al. Growth, structure and spectroscopic properties of Er,Pr:YAP laser crystal[J]. Optical Materials, 2018, 84:59-65.
[9]  Yao W ,  Uehara H ,  Kawase H , et al. Highly efficient Er:YAP laser with 6.9 W of output power at 2920 nm[J]. Optics Express, 2020.
[10]  Remsa J ,  Jelinek M ,  Kocourek T , et al. Highly oriented crystalline Er:YAG and Er:YAP layers prepared by PLD and annealing[J]. Applied Surface Science, 2009, 255(10):5292-5294.
[11]  Basavalingu B ,  Vijaya Kumar M S ,  Girish H N , et al. Hydrothermal synthesis and characterization of rare earth doped yttrium aluminium perovskite – R:YAlO3 (R=Nd, Eu & Er)[J]. Journal of Alloys & Compounds, 2013, 552:382-386.
[12]  Perner B ,  Kvapil J ,  Kvapil J . Hydroxil and iron ions in YAP: Er laser crystals[J]. Czechoslovak Journal of Physics, 1992, 42(1):103-109.
[13]  Stankov K A ,  Hamal K ,  Jelinkova H , et al. Mode-locking of the 1.66 m transition of an Er:YAlO~3 laser[J]. OPTICS COMMUNICATIONS, 1993, 95(1):85-85.
[14] Yuchong, Ding, and,等. Near-infrared emission bands of Er3+-doped YAP and LSO crystals[J]. Journal of Luminescence, 2011.
[15]  Kawase H ,  Uehara H ,  Chen H , et al. Passively Q-switched 2.9 μm Er:YAP single crystal laser using graphene saturable absorber[J]. Applied Physics Express, 2019, 12(10):102006-.
[16]  Jelinek M ,  Klini A ,  Oswald J , et al. Properties of Er – doped layers grown from Er: YAG (YAP) crystalline targets by sub-picosecond laser deposition (p248-252)[J]. Laser Physics Letters, 2010, 1(5):-.
[17]  Yao B Q ,  Liu X L ,  Yu L X , et al. Resonantly pumped continuous wave Er:YAP laser[J]. Laser Physics, 2012, 22(4):671-672.
[18]  Nemec M ,  Jelinkova H ,  Sulc J , et al. Resonantly pumped Er:YAG and Er:YAP lasers[C]// European Conference on Lasers & Electro-optics & the European Quantum Electronics Conference Cleo Europe-eqec. IEEE, 2009.
[19]  Yao B Q ,  Liu X L ,  Yu L X , et al. Resonantly pumped multiwavelength operation in Er:YAP[J]. Laser Physics, 2012, 22(5):842-844.
[20]  Zhang B ,  Wang Y ,  Wei Z , et al. Spectroscopic properties analyses and laser characterization simulation of Er3+,Eu3+:YAP single crystal.[J]. Spectrochimica Acta Part A Molecular & Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 2018:S1386142518306115-.
[21]  Tkalcec A ,  Probst S ,  Rieger D , et al. Strong coupling of an Er3+ doped YAlO3 crystal to a superconducting resonator[J]. Phys.rev.b, 2014, 90(7).
[22] Němec, M, Šulc, J, Švejkar, R, et al. Temperature influence on Er:YAlO 3 spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser properties[J]. Laser Physics, 2018, 28(10).
[23] Yao,  Wen W . Thermoluminescence Properties of Doped YAP Crystals[J]. Advanced Materials Research, 2015, 1104:143-148.
[24]  Duan C K ,  Tanner P A ,  Makhov V N , et al. Vacuum ultraviolet spectra and crystal field analysis of YAlO3 doped with Nd3+ and Er3+. phys.rev.b, 2007.
[25]  Arutiunian S M ,  Kostanian R B ,  Petrosian A G , et al. A YAlO3:Er(3+)-crystal laser[J]. Kvantovaia Elektronika Moscow, 1987.

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